Various varieties of citrus fruits
Maltese of Tunisia
The Maltese orange half blood, is the variety which one associates more with Tunisia which is the only producer and world exporter.
Considered to be “the Queen of Oranges”. She is regarded by the experts as being the best sweet orange in the world.
This variety which expresses all its potentialities fully only cultivated on the soil of the peninsula of the Cape Bon. It is hurdy-gurdy variety, of unknown origin, which belongs to the same group as the blood oranges which include/understand Sanguinelle Moscata, very known, of Italy.
Its average gauge and its slightly oval form, its bark which is withdrawn easily, its tender and juicy flesh, its particularly pleasant savor, its softness balanced by a good level of acidity make of it a single orange which deserves its world famous well.
On the tree, the Maltese woman takes with maturity a color orange passing to the blood red on a face for the fruits exposed more to the sun. The skin is at least smooth missing firmness with maturity.
The fruit is generally oval but it sometimes round or is flattened; its weight varies from 100 grs with 180 grs.
Pulp very juicy, is very scented and slightly acidulous. The red pigmentation is distributed inside the fruit according to nets at least abundant according to the farming conditions.
She is very coloured at the beginning of January and one finds of them nets blood on the third lower as from at the end of January.
Collected with the hand, the Maltese woman of Tunisia does not undergo any chemical treatment after harvest.
The latter starts generally at the end of January at the beginning of February and extends until the end of March at the beginning of April.
Its ground of predilection:
The Maltese woman of Tunisia is a citrus fruits only produced in Tunisia. True product of soil which primarily expresses its exceptional qualities in the peninsula of the Cape Bon and some hot zones of the north and the center of the country.
The peninsula of the Cape Bon pushes its point in the Mediterranean. Located between the gulf of Tunis and that of Hammamet, this peninsula which is stretched towards Sicily (hardly 140 km) opens its arms in Europe in a friendly way. Ground considered fertile since Antiquity the armies of Agathocle were filled with enthusiasm for the richnesses of the punic countryside, the Cape Bon is known for its market gardenings and especially famous for its citrus fruits.
The farmers of the Good Cape, worthy downward of the Andalusian gardeners, knew to perpetuate their ancestral agricultural traditions by cultivating famous Maltese orange half blood of Tunisia. Tunisia, remains the first world exporter of Maltese Orange half blood.
The development of an Indication of Maltese Source of the Cape-good is in hand to protect and develop this authentic produced soil.
Spanish variety, introduced in the USA in 1878 and Tunisia in 1959. It is the most important orange of the world. It occupies the first place in several agrumicoles countries.
The fruit of Valencia is average with large, of round form, slightly oblong. The color of the skin and orange yellow clearly, with a bark fine and smooth, easy to peel with maturity. The very juicy fine flesh is slightly acidulous. The juice rate is high, with a good savor. The pips are very few (2 to 4 per fruit).
Average weight of the fruits: 240 grams
Variety at double end appreciated as well for consumption in expenses as for the manufacture of the juice.
The harvest of this variety is latest of all Oranges (from April at June), and the fruit can be maintained on tree during several months without losing its quality.
One counts of it many varieties in Tunisia such as Washington Navels, Thomson Navel, Newhall, Navelina, Navelate, Lane Late etc
Practically without pip, the navels have a spherical fruit of form (150g), with fine, thick, smooth skin brilliant, of color orange end in a navel at the apical end. The flesh is crunching and very juicy with exceptional gustatory qualities. The navels are very early oranges whose gathering is carried out at the beginning of October and is prolonged until the end of May.
It is a variety of Californian origin discovered in 1910 and propagated in Spain in 1933. The ovoid fruit is large gauge. The smooth skin of aspect is fairly thick and of reddish orange color. It is an orange of gustatory good qualities very early as for the period of its maturity (2 to 3 weeks before Washington Navel).
Born from a happy marriage between the tangerine and bitter orange, the clementine is an early species whose maturity occurs at the end of October. In Tunisia one counts of them several varieties whose principal ones are:
Spanish variety resulting from spontaneous change. It discovered in Castellon, in Spain in 1970.
This early clementine recently started to develop in Tunisia where it is earliest of the varieties of currently available clementines. Its harvest can start at the end of September, with diverdissage fruit, and is spread out until the end of November.
The fruit of Marisol is seedless, juicy and slightly acid, an average gauge with large, a fine skin and a beautiful coloring.
It is a Spanish selection resulting from change of Fina
It is a late Clementine. The fruit contains few pips, gustatory quality good and is scented
Maturity mid-January and can be gathered until the end of February at the beginning of March.
Although the Lunari varieties and Eureka dominate the offer, it is necessary to quote the varieties lately introduced like Interdonato, Monachello, Feminello and Lime Bearss.
Lunari: it is a very productive variety in winter.
Maturity: January and extends until April, going up.
The oblong and large fruit presents a thick bark which enables him to support transport.
Eureka: From Sicily to California, in 1860 the lemon tree was born “Eureka”. It is the lemon tree more cultivated in the world. It is Souvent called “Lemon tree 4 seasons” because of its great floribondity. In spring at the time of its maturity, the fruit becomes of form harmoniously oval and average gauge. The color of the skin is yellow, with a very scented peel. L has flesh is of yellow color pale. Very acid pulp offers an abundant juice which returns this fruit very appreciated of culinary use.